Advances in therapeutic uses of oxygen have resulted in increased usage for a number of diverse clinical applications, among them:
- To treat hypoxia and hypoxaemia.
- During surgery to maintain tissue oxygenation under anaesthesia.
- As part of resuscitation.
- In mechanical lung ventilation for the treatment of respiratory depression.
- In the treatment of diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumoconiosis, pneumonia, heart attack and pulmonary embolism.
- To treat respiratory distress syndrome in newborns.
- For cluster headaches.
- In the treatment of respiratory burns and as part of the gold standard of care for carbon monoxide poisoning.
- In homecare, for patients needing long-term oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation.